Starcross Wolves

The Wolf

Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults Starcross Wolves Adults
Bill Lambert

The
Domesticated Wolf

Hello, my name is William Lambert, Bill for short. I'm the owner of StarCross Wolves. Thank you for taking the time to read this page. I hope you will find the same wonderful relationship with a wolf as I have with my own. I wrote this page to dispel most of the unfounded myths that plague these wonderful creatures.

Now, one to a lighter note and the fun part, about hybrid wolves. You may ask, why would you charge so much less when the national market is so much higher? I have a few reasons for that. First and foremost is that my Dad taught me that in business you have a right to make a profit, A honest profit, a reasonable profit, a moral profit. I'm sorry for those who think differently, but these are just animals having babies. It's not rocket science. I am not producing life saving drugs or medical devices that save lives. It's hybrid wolves hanging out, having sex and having babies, nothing more. Because they hold the name of "Wolf" does not give a person a right to make extra money off that name. I didn't invent wolves. So, my Father said you need to see what you have, its over all importance to life, see what it costs you in time and money, find a honest, moral profit above those costs, then use that as the foundational stage for what you charge. So, that's what I'v e done with my pups and that's how I come up with the prices I charge for pups.

Second is that I want to share what I have with others. To do that, you have to have reasonable prices. The higher you charge for something, the more people can't afford what ever it may be being sold. Pups are always growing and getting older day by day. There is a small 60 day window to get a pup placed in a good home. They can't just be placed back on a shelf until someone wants that one. So the price needs to be in tune with that. Also when I add the cost of shipping to the price of my pups, it comes out to about the same as the national market prices.

I see the hybrid wolf as the domesticated wolf. The hybrid wolf of today, as well and the views of wolves throughout history are mostly false, leaving these animals misunderstood. Theirs is a proud, noble, but sad history. It's their future that we, that I can change. Their are a few, such as myself that can and will come to change this. It's my hope you are also one of those people.

Sadly in the last 300 years, people have killed over 2 million wolves, almost wiping them out. There are whole species of wolves now gone forever. Sadly 10,000 years ago, once man came to live in North America, 50% of all animal life was wiped out by man, gone forever. Not the wolf though. The wolf lived side by side peacefully with man up until about 300 years ago. Even today, attacks of wolves on people are some of the rarest. There is about 5 to 6 million hybrid wolves in North America now. When is the last time you read about or seen on TV of a wolf attacking a person? I'm not saying it can't happen, but I am saying its damn rare

Knowing these animals as I do, I know that when it does happen, the human was the problem 90% of the time. Lets really take a clear look at wolves and see if these animals are safe or unsafe. Lets look at some real facts about the hybrid/domestic wolf.

Lets look back over the last 30 years. First fact, with 5 to 6 million in homes today, hybrid wolves make up less than one percent of all canis bites in North America. 35 years ago there were 500,000 to 750,000 hybrids in North America. Now we move forward in time to 20 years ago. Then there was 1.5 million hybrids in homes in North America. Now we move forward in time to 10 years ago and we have about 3 or 4 million in homes. We jump forward to today and have 5 to 6 million in North America. With those numbers and the lack of attacks, I would say they are very safe pets and a pet that's here to stay.

Alright, stick with me on this next part. So lets say we have 6 million wolves in homes today. Now, lets say each wolf has contact with 3 people per day. That's about 20 million wolf to person contacts each and every day. That's about 7,000,000,000 wolf to person contacts per year. When we look back over the last 30 years, we are talking about over 210 billion wolf to human contacts. How many attacks have there been within those 210 billion contacts? I can't put a number on attacks. I can say this, in researching it, I am hard pressed to find 50 attacks that are confirmed in the last 30 years.

So really, if you look over the last 50 years there has been over 500 billion wolf to human contacts with very, very little negative interaction on the wolves part. You may be asking by now, why is this man telling me all this? Because I want to set a fact based foundation on how safe these animals really are.

I want to dispel this junk of, "at some point they will turn on you", and all that bull. Like that they are wild animals and unpredictable, dangerous animals. 500 billion plus wolf to human contacts over the past 50 years. If they are so dangerous, so prone to turn on someone, why in all of recorded history is there less that a thousand reports of attacks, not confirmed attacks, just reports, less than a thousand in all of recorded history.

Lets say that I only found 1% of attacks in my research. Lets leap forward and say there has been a 100,000 attacks, or even 3,000,000 attacks. That would mean that less than .000333% of the time there is contact between a person and a wolf there is a problem. The real attacks are no where near three million, or a million, or a hundred thousand, or even ten thousand, but my point is made clearly on how safe these animals have showed themselves to be throughout history. This fact stands on its own, regardless off what I say or what others want to project about them, but can't back up with facts as I do.

I have found that there are many that have nothing but bad to say about hybrid wolves, 99.9999% being people who have only seen wolves on TV or in a book. I have also found that there are many that have nothing to say but good about wolves. 99.9999% being people who have owned wolves, shared a life with a wolf. Odd how that works. Rarely will you find a hybrid owner or past owner that has something bad to say about these wonderful animals.

I find it funny, sad and amazing that all these so called experts on wolves have no or very little hands on time with them. I wish I could get some of these so called experts to debate me on wolves, I would relish in making them look foolish and ignorant. I will stack my facts and life experiences next to their perceptions and book learning all day long. They claim to know everything there is about them, yet have never had a hour of hand on interaction with one. I even seen a guy on TV, listed as an expert because of his degree and that is had over a thousand hours watching then in the wild. Really? An expert? Most of the show, he would speak and I would say to myself, well that's wrong, that's wrong, no they don't do that.

Things such as, and I bet you have read this, "only the alpha breed". WRONG. Have I seen wild wolves breed in person, no I have not. But I will tell you what I have seen. Alphas do want to be the only ones to breed, alphas, having first right to breeding. That in no way means they are the only ones who breed.

Understand that wolves live in packs, made up of females and males. You have an alpha male and an alpha female. Wolves are seasonal breeders. coming into heat once a year and all females coming into heat at about the same time of year. So, at that time of year, you may have 4 or 5 females in heat at once. One, the alpha male will try, want and will breed to any female in heat in his pack, not just the alpha female. Second, the alpha female is not going to get into his business when he breeds a lessor female, as she understands that at this time he is a little tense and testy. Beyond that, the ranking of wolves in a pack are gender based and don't cross over from male to female. High ranking female don't try and dominate a low ranking male and a high ranking male does not try and dominate a low ranking female. Their rank and order only applies to those in that gender.

Lower ranking or non alpha males are not stupid. With more than one female in heat at a time, they watch the alpha male to see when he mates with a female. They understand that once mated, that alpha is locked to the female for 15 to 20 minutes. As soon as they see this, the get up and go and mate one of the other females is heat, as they know the alpha can't stop them while he is locked up with a female.

No I have not seen this in the wild or with wild packs, but I see it time and time again within my own packs. So I have to believe that they do this, and almost has also happens in the wild.

With hybrids and as pets, one has to also look at things from the other side, from the side of places like the SPCA or animal control officials. These people really only get to deal with the problem animals, who have become problems mainly due to the people who owned them before the SPCA or animal control get involved. In my research and when I could find it, I found that most of these animals where lower percentage hybrids.

I don't know if I would say they are a problem due to the so called "back yard breeder". Other than people who don't understand wolves think lower content means safer, or don't think at all and breed their 80% hybrid with their buddies husky. Beyond that, you really do need a sound understanding of wolves to take on a litter and care for a litter of wolf pups. Yes I say pups, I know, they are called cubs. I think those that demand them called cubs are a little over the top. Same people who have to call them bitches. Why not just call them females or the mother?

Hybrid pups need the correct foundation of socialization. Let me be clear I don't think and I'm not saying people are bad, or just not doing what's needed, nor lazy. It just takes a lot of time and doing the right things to get a pup to that correct level in socialization. Such people just don't understand the needed screening of people to get the pups in the hands of people that can and will care for them correctly.

Low content pups or hybrids are happy and playful for the first 3 or so months of age. After that, if not in the right hands and having the right types of treatment, they can become fearful and will react from that. So we have to see that people in the SPCA and animal control mainly are faced with dealing with these lower content hybrids that have been raised by people who don't know what they are doing. In the research that I've done, most of the attacks upon people have came from lower content hybrids. Most of the hybrids I have seen at the SPCA or animal control are lower content hybrids.

I understand that it may seem to sound backwards and that the more dog should mean the safer it is. That's just not the case. We have to first understand the dog. Most all large breed dogs have been bred for hunting, be it of other animals or people. So there is a built in, a bred in aggression there.

I have owned hybrids for over 30 years now. Starting like most people with one, then having more as time went on. About 20 years ago I started down this road of being a breeder of these animals. Not only for myself, but for other people as well. Though there has been many hills and valleys, filled with joy and some sadness, but all in all, it's been a great road to take. One thing I love most is reading the posts on my guess book. Reading how much joy and love people have gotten from my animals has been the true rewards for me in this.

Hybrid wolves are not backyard pets. They are members of a family. They need and take time. Now a single pet or a couple wolves does not take all your time, its about the same as having a child and that level of care, plus time needs to be spent with them.

For me, 4 hours of work in a day is a off day for me. Most days, I spend from 6 to 12 hours with my 92 adult hybrids and pups. I have some form of hands on contact with about 75% of my wolves daily. I will get more into why its 75% and not a 100% later on in this. A normal work week for me with them is about 60 to 70 hours over 7 days. With animals, there is no such thing as a day off. So, over a year I have about 3,500 hours of hands on, personal contact with hybrid wolves. Over the last 30 years, that comes out to be about a hundred thousand hours of hands on contact and interaction.

If we look at it in a light of contacts between myself and wolves. That would be about 70 wolves each day, 365 days a year. That's about 11,000 days over the last 30 years. That comes out to well over 500,000 person to wolf contact with me personally.

Also I am not just talking about going in an patting them on the head and going on with what I'm doing. but real interaction, training, being in dens with mothers and pups, playing with them and so on.

Again I'm sure by now, you're asking, why is he telling me this. Because I want to show just how safe these animals can be. Not only with all my personal contacts I have had, but over the last 20 plus years, I have had about 5,000 to 6,000 people come to my place. Most people who come here have personal contact with from 5 to 10 hybrids, some times more, some times less. Meaning that over those 20 years there has been about 100,000 wolf to person contact at my place between wolves and strangers.

In the last 30 years, only twice have I had a real conflict with one of my wolves. It was short lived. Each time I dealt with it, myself and the wolf come to an understanding, both learning more of each other and had no problems after that. Those who have come to my place have been all types, men, women, young, old and children. Never has any of my wolves ever even seemed to want to harm anyone who has come here, much less done anything to anyone.

I grew up on a race horse breeding farm and I was hurt weekly with horses. Kicked, bite, knocked into a wall, stepped on, tail whipped, hit from them swinging their head, thrown off and so on. I would be hurt more in a month with horses, than I have in 30 years with wolves. My point is this, I don't think a person can find a safer animal than a hybrid wolf. Maybe a gold fish would be safer.

Now, most of these so called experts will look past the fact and say, because I think that, does not make it so. I have this to say to that. When they can say they have had at least half the hands on time as I have had, then they can call themselves an expert on hybrid wolves. I'm in no way trying to say I know everything, as I do not. I learn new things everyday, I change the way I do thing when I see a better way or my wolves show me a better way things need to be for them. I will say this, I know a lot more than these so called experts that schools and wild life jobs turn out. I have made it a point, my life to understand these animals. I'm in no way a foolish man and would not place myself in any real danger with any type of animal, no matter how much I liked or loved them. Nor would I allow others around a real danger. But with these animals the danger really is just not there. Sure, like any animal, or big breed dog, anything can happen, but time after time, a fter time with me, nothing really has ever happened.

Wolves, both wild and domesticated are very complex creatures. They are highly intelligent, self aware beings with problem solving skills. The wolf is one of the most successful animals in modern history. The wild wolf is in the top 10 of the most intelligent land animals.

Over the years, by understanding and learning from these animals, I have come to be able to understand them, speak with them in ways we both understand. It's never been so much me getting them to understand me, but me coming to understand them and using that so they can understand me on their terms, not mine.

It's my hope and my want to teach you more than a little about these wonderful animals that I not only call my friends, but my family. One has to fully come to understand, having a hybrid wolf is not just having a pet. It's more of you and them having a relationship. A relationship between two highly intelligent beings that really can't speak clearly to each other. Over time, with work at the beginning, with understanding a wonderful working relationship can and will be built. You will find in a short time, that the work, time and understanding is worth it in every way.

When coming to own a wolf, one really must take on the mind set that for the first year, you have the same as a human child. The running of your life with the same standards and actions you would if it was a human child. Sure the care is different, but the time and level of care is not. If you will do this for the first year of the wolves life, you will have a completely socialized, very happy, and safe family member, as well as a best friend.

A few facts about the history of wolves. The Grey wolf, also known by the slang term of timber wolf, is Canis Lupus. The Red wolf, is Canis Rufus. These wolves have walked the earth from as far back as 350,000 years ago. The Red wolf was the first of all modern wolves. Now it's the rarest of all the wolves on earth today. In fact, if it had not been for PRIVATE breeders, the Red wolf would have been killed off by humans in the 1980's. When it comes to hybrids, the Grey wolf is Canis Lupus X and the Red wolf is Canis Rufus X.

Like with most or any animal, one needs to hold a real and true understanding of that animal if you plan of having a successful day to day relationship and life with it. That statement holds true with a hybrid wolf and is most important to a wolf owner. These are highly complex and highly intelligent animals, but so are humans. We as humans over come this by learning and understanding.

Regardless of the breed of wolf, wolves are very intelligent, proud, self aware, loving, happy animals. A wolf and its life is deeply rooted in it's family, as well as the emotions and bonds that come from a life with a family. I wolves family is on a whole, it's meaning to life, it's corner stone of happiness. Their fulfillment in life comes from the love, bonds, friendship and the role they fulfill within that family, or pack, if you will. These fulfillment's must be the first things you must understand when bringing one of these noble animals into your life.

Such deep bonds, the high levels of love they feel and give within a tight family unit are what forms within wild wolves, as it does with hybrids. As with wild wolves, this makes them feel safe, loved, and needed within that family unit. Just like you and I, they too need to feel needed and a real part of the whole.

When it comes to a domesticated wolf, I have seen these bonds, the high emotional levels and needs. This being true when other wolves are apart of their family and when they are not. If there are no other wolves, then they will seek it from who makes up their family, regardless if that's is with cats, dogs or people. You must make sure to understand this important aspect of a wolf and compensate for any lack there might be in that area. In short meaning, you must spend more time with them, or have pets with them a buddy to hang out with while you go about your day.

Make no mistake and never think that a wolf is a back yard dog or pet. They not only don't do well within such a life. They are not the type that is fine with you going out and feeding them, maybe playing with them a hour or so and then going back inside for hours or all night. Think of it like this. Lets say you are a 7 year old child and you are outside by yourself. Through the sliding glass door you can see the other kids playing games, laughing, getting candy and eating cake inside the house, but you're locked out. How would you feel looking in watching that? Sad, angry, unwanted, not apart of the group, not a family member. A wolf will feel the same things if its done to them. So again, if you can't take on the mind set of having a human child, go buy a labradoodle or what ever type dog.

I have seen that with wolves, it really does not matter to them who is in their family, as long as they have a family. They will build the same types of bonds, relationships and love within a tight family unit, be it with other wolves, dogs, cats or people. This closeness, coupled with a complex and highly interactive relationship with those in it's life is what makes these animals such great friends to people and members of their family. This in itself is the most important aspect of having a happy, well balanced wolf in your family.

As with your children or partner in life, you must be willing and able to provide a wolf with the time, love and interaction it needs. You also have to let them be who they are, the animals they are. You can teach a wolf most anything, but like you learning and staying true to being human, the same is so with a wolf. I can't stress this enough, you must, you must, you must take on the mind set that for the next year, to two years, that you have the same as a human child on your hands. If you do this, if you invest your time in such a way, you will have one of the greatest friends you could ever have and will be able to share in a truly unconditional love that a wolf will freely give you without limit or judgement.

This too, I can't say enough, these are not dogs. They are pack/family centered animals. A pet mind set, a back yard entertainment for you just will not work with a wolf. Just the same as it would not work with you if put into that setting or daily life. If you had a child, would you stick them in a small room or area, giving them your attention for a hour or two a day? No, of course you would not and the same must hold true with the hybrid wolf. Not if you want to get one from me. I don't screen people like others do. I don't need to ask you point blank questions to learn what I need to know about the home a pup is going to. I can learn all I need to know by talking with you. People know what the right answers are to point blank questions.

With a wolf, you have or are to have a new family member. With you, they must be given the time, love and fulfillment's that you give to other family members. This is the only way that you are going to have a wolf that is happy, feels needed, wanted and fulfilled. It's not different from what you give and get with your family members now.

Now, I'm not saying that hour in and hour out you or they have to be at your side, nor am I saying that these fulfillment's and needs must come from only one person. Really, the more people, or cats, or dogs, the better a wolf likes it and balanced they are in life. Much like humans, odd how that works. Families have many members in most cases and each of the members gives their time, love and friendship to the others. The same is to be the case with a wolf from all it's new family members. Treat them as you treat yourself and in the ways you want to be treated yourself, and there is almost no way to go wrong with a hybrid wolf.

The time you spend with a wolf does not need to be ongoing interaction. Them just being with you is fulfilling to them, laying next to you while you watch TV or what ever. This is almost as fulfilling to them as it is when playing or loving on them. Like within any family, all things have their time and place. Each aspect, or interaction has it's own fulfillment's and rewards.

It's your job to provide your wolf with a knowing that they are loved, that they belong within the family, that they are safe and most of all, needed within the family. Most all of this can be gained if you will just spend time with them, love them and allow them to be a part of your life on a whole.

There are many different breeds of wolves and even more when it comes to looking at hybrid wolves. This can in itself make getting what you want even more of a complex task. This leads me to those, the many that want to get online and say. "Oh, that is not a high content wolf, or that does not look like a wolf". Really? Sure if we are talking about the 100% Grey wolves or Red wolves, or no matter which breed, as they have very defined looks given the hundreds of thousands of years it's taken nature to make that breed.

This does not always apply when it comes to hybrids. When I read or someone says, that does not look like a wolf should or a high content. Ask them this, what should a part Grey wolf, part Red wolf, part Arctic wolf that has had malamute crossed with in 40 years ago, husky crossed with it 30 years ago and shepherd crossed with ii 20 years ago, look like to be correct? What should a 78% wolf look like? What's a 93% wolf to look like. When you mix a dog with a wolf, then that can and will effect its looks and build. Much like having a can of white paint and then adding 12% red paint to it, it's not white anymore. Nor can they say, oh well white paint with 12% red mixed with it is to look like this or that. Well, was it off white paint, egg shell white? Was it cherry red paint, rose red paint? Unless you know the complete and true history of the paint, or wolf, what the mix is, no one can say, this is correct and this is incorrect.

There can be and are dozens of different factors that can and will effect how a hybrid will turn out to be when it's a grown adult. This also means that hybrid wolves come in many different sizes, shapes, colors and marking patterns. Sure, the more true marked a hybrid wolf is, the better it is a sign of it being a higher percentage, but it being true marked does not make it a fact its a high content. I have seen 60% hybrids that you would would think came right out of the wild, and I've seen 96% that look like a husky or a malamute.

The different breeds of wolves also means different sizes. A Mexican Grey wolf male will be around 50 pounds grown, where a North American Grey wolf can be from 100 to 150 pounds as an adult. Red wolves are the next size down from Grey wolves. Again size can be a good sign that its this type of wolf or that type of wolf, but that does not mean much on its own. Anytime someone has said something like this to me, they never can give me the correct answer to what a part Grey, part Red, part Arctic, part dog is to look like. The reason being, there is no correct answer when mixing breeds. It's not as simple or automatic as 2 plus 2 equals 4.

There is also a false belief that high content hybrids are to be very big. First off, the world record for a wolf found in the wild is 187 pounds. Yes that's big, but its not like others want to say they must be or should be. For the most part, with Grey wolves and Arctic wolves are the biggest and they are running about 120 to 130 pounds.

Be it a wild wolf or a domestic wolf, they are among the strongest of all the canids. A hybrid wolf will or can be bigger than a wild wolf. nature has it set for a wolf to get as big as it's food intake allows, unlike dogs who are bred to be a set size. Mexican Grey wolfs are small, as they eat snakes, rabbits, mice and so on. A North American Grey wolf are big, they eat Deer, Elk, Moose and so on. The type of wolf, the types of dog it's mixed with, the amounts of each bloodline, the food intake can and will effect it's over all looks and size.

I spoke before about a wolf being very strong, so let me place that in some context for you. If we look at the biggest and the strongest of domesticated dogs. Like a Pit, or Rott, or Mastiff. They have a back jaw crushing pressure from about 700psi to 850psi. Now if you look at the bigger breeds of wolves, that back jaw crushing pressure ranges from 1,400psi to 1,600psi. I'm not telling you this to scare you, but in fact to show you how safe these animals are. With such power, they can kill about anything, yet there are only a few reports of deaths due to wolves. Far more deaths and maiming by dogs, than there are with wolves. Horse hurt and kill more people by far than wolves. Again, whens the last news story you have read or seen on TV of a wolf harming a person?

99.999% of the time a wolf will withdraw and not get into conflicts, getting away from it as a way of dealing with it. Unlike a large breed dog, who's aggression from breed takes over. Understand, for a dog, its teeth are weapons and they use them that way. For a wolf, they are tools, not weapons and use them as such. If you have ever seen wolves get into a "fight" on a nature show, what you see at the end is dirty wolves, no blood, no wounds, no killing of the other or weaker wolf. In most all fights between dogs you have damage, wounds, blood or death. There is a reason why these scum that fight dogs don't use wolves to fight, the aggression, the anger is just not there in a wolf. With the power of a wolf, it could kill a Pit in about 30 seconds, but a wolf will only attack or kill if its forced to do so. Forced mainly meaning if it KNOWS its life is going to be taken or when it sees and feels a family members life is going to be taken. Other than that. a wolf will go run off and hide under the bed till the bad people or animals leave.

Another wrong teaching about wolves is that the strongest, most aggressive become the alphas. That's just not true. Sure they need to be strong and a leader, yet what I have seen over the years is that who is alpha is all about bloodlines. 95% of the time, a new alpha male/female is a son/daughter of the old alpha male/female. Also wrong is what it taught about the replacement of a pack leader. The older alphas are not beat up, made to submit or killed, once becoming older, they some what retire, moving from pack alpha to a pack elder.

Much like the swordsmen of old world China, they are experts with these tools/teeth, rarely if ever making a mistake in their use. A wolves teeth are larger than a dogs. They also have a second set of smaller K9's on their top jaw. They also have a different style of back teeth than a dog does. I have seen time and time again, once an adult, they really don't like their teeth on a persons skin. Now as a pup, your hand, feet are like chew toys to them, but once an adult, them playing rough and play biting is almost always over. Out of all my hybrids I only have a couple that are still willing to play rough with me. Even them won't unless I have gloves on or a long sleeved shirt on or both.

Trust me, I have tried for years to keep that playing going on, but at about 6 to 10 months of age, the biting and playing rough is all but over and it almost always turns to licking and petting and loving on you. It goes from play biting to licking, from rough playing to loving and belly rubs.

Most wolves will only bite if a few, very select things take place to cause it. Hear what I said, "to cause it". Many time a dog will bite for no reason, wolves will not bite for no reason. To bite, a wolf has to be being harmed, and I mean really hurt, not like stepping on a sleeping dogs food and it bites you. Happened to me as a kid. I was going from the living room to the kitchen, our dog Browny was sleeping in the hall, I went to step over him and stepping on his foot, he jumped up and bite me on the leg, drew blood. I have tripped on a stump or step in a hole and fallen onto a wolf, more than once and they don't bite, they jump away, look at me like, "dumb ass" and then come and try to lick my face, as to say, are you alright?

Another thing that will cause a wolf to bite is the protection of what it understands as its family members. And I don't mean like a dog that barks and may bite a stranger who come to the house. If someone was to break into your house. The first reaction a wolf will have is to watch your reaction. It's fear level will match your own fear level. Unlike a dog, a wolf will not match your anger level, as a dog will if someone broke into you house and you yell or they yell, like "what are you doing in my house", or what ever. Those actions will cause a dog to trigger its aggression and it will match its owners anger level. With a wolf, it will not match it, but it will cause the wolves fear level to grow to the same levels are you anger is. The harsher you get, or the bad guy gets, the more fear the wolf has. Their first reaction is to put distance between themselves and the problem. Seems to be a good standard to have and we humans claim to be the smartest on the planet.

Also, unlike a dog, who's fear causes aggressive actions by the dog, a wolf uses its fear to first keep itself safe. So, if someone kicks in your door with a gun and he is yelling and you are yelling and he takes the TV, the wolf will hide behind you or behind the couch or under the bed till the bad guy goes away. Now, with that said, same guy kicks in your door in, grabs you and starts hitting you or hurting you. Then that is a whole different story for a wolf, as now a family member is being harmed. Unlike people, dogs and wolves can't understand levels of a conflict, if you are being harmed, a wolf will always see it as you are being killed. Because you are a family member, now the wolf has no choice but to protect his family member with it's own life if need be. The fear leaves and anger comes to the same level, not aggression like a dog though. More of, "I have a job to do and the skills to do it". "You have forced my hand and I will take care of business."

If this was to happen, a high percentage wolf will protect you or any family member, human or animal. It will do so by removing the threat, by any means needed and within its power. When dogs attack, its from a mind set of aggression, that's why their fights go on and on, biting, cutting, and ripping at each other. Wolves are not like that, when they attack its to solve a problem that is a threat to them or their family. There is no ongoing fighting and biting and all that. They stop just the problem as quickly and efficiently as they can.

Fear can cause a wolf to bite, not attack, but bite, like if trapped by a stranger, but it would not be a out and out attack. it would be a warning bite, a warning bite using the front teeth to cause maximum pain and not to really damage. I see it more like pushing someone down to run away.It's a bite to allow or effect an escape. Again, first and foremost, a wolf wants to protect itself with distance, to get away. Unlike a dog, that would attack out of aggression sparked off by fear. Remember, a part of most all big breed dogs, aggression is a selected part of their foundational breeding and breed. Like an Afghan hound. My sister had one, bite me too, but anyway, Beautiful and loving dog. (most of the time, lol). That breed of dog was bred and came about to hunt and kill Lions. Rotts, Mastiffs, Roman war dogs. The same type of things can be stated for most all big breeds, Pits, Shepherds, Malamutes and so on.

With the that said, that does not mean that those types of dogs are bad, mainly they are not. I have yet to meet a Pit that was not one of the sweetest, most loving animals. But you do have to understand that it's there and that can lead to some bad outcomes. Don't get me wrong, wolves do have the emotion of aggression, but I have only seen it used in very limited ways. One is with food, if food is limited. I removed that aspect of aggression with my wolves by making sure that there is always food. If food is always there, who cares who eats what or when or how much? Breeding is another, nothing that can be done about that, as that's how they are. But unlike dogs, even in times of aggression with each other, they don't go to killing and ripping each other apart.

If you really watch closely on these nature shows, when they show wolves in so called fights. it looks bad, its fast, its loud, its rough, it turns into more of a wrestling match, ending with one on top and one on the bottom. At the end, you have 2 dirty, unharmed wolves. Wolves can't go off hurting and killing each other and hunt and eat tomorrow. Nature does not allow for a level of aggression and harm to damage the pack on a whole. If that pack member, or family member is not there, we might not eat, or we might not be able to fight off the Bear or Mountain Lion.

You have to understand and with such understanding see the facts that are between the lines on just how safe they are to have. A wolf can run 20 mph for over 20 miles through a fully wooded forest. it can jump 6 to 8 feet up and 10 to 12 feet down, they have a jaw pressure around 1,500psi, an Amazon Crocodile has 1,800psi jaw pressure. There is not an unarmed person on this earth that can take on an adult male wolf one on one and win the fight, if the wolf enters into the fight. Unlike a dog, a wolf almost always has to be forced into a fight.

Unlike a dog, wolves rarely misread something and react wrongly. Such as some dogs will bite a stranger, just because they are a stranger. 99% of the time a wolves fears and reactions are founded upon something real. Regardless of what you read or think, wolves are lovers, not fighters.

The wolf really is one of the higher life forms on earth. I would bet in the top 10 of highest life forms. It possesses sharper vision than most animals. Their eye sight matches and is beyond a humans. They have a greater range of distance in sight. They see in the same color spectrum has humans. They can see in the same detail as humans, they see everything right side up as humans and have a form of night vision because they are able to allow more light to come into their eyes than humans. They have a far greater hearing than humans and able to hear a wider range of noises. There sense of smell is far greater than most animals, having an olfactory system that is about 150 to 200 times more sensitive than the best domestic tracking dogs on Earth.

Truthfully, all these so called experts that train drug dogs, bomb detection dogs, rescue dogs, need to pull their heads out of each others butts and climb out of the hole their thinking is stuck in. The above things I just said are not just me making up things and saying them, these are scientific facts that are proven. A trained hybrid wolf to detect drugs, bombs or people would make any and all domestic tracking dog look foolish. A wolf can pick up a scent in the air from over 3 miles out.

You have seen when they take a drug dog into a place, lets say a warehouse with boxes and offices all around. They walk the dog on a leash next to things, seeing if the dog picks up the scent of something. When he dog gets to the box or desk where the drugs are, it smells it and alerts. Now, take a hybrid wolf to this warehouse, open and take him inside the door, take off the leash, send him and he will lock in like radar on the drugs and walk right to them. A wolf can hear and smell a mouse that's 3ft under the snow, from 30 feet away.

This too should be a big sign to all these so called experts that these animals would make amazing rescue animals. I have watched female wolves dig a complete den in packed earth and clay underground in about 20 minutes. Big enough for her and I to be inside at the same time. How fast do you think a hybrid could get to someone trapped under snow? A hybrid could smell and hear a trapped person like that at about double the distance that of rescue dogs do now. They could get there faster as well, plus dig down to the person is blazing speed and strong enough to pull the person out once there. So put that in your pipes and smoke it all you wide life protection freaks.

Their hearing is one of their strongest senses. A wolf can detect frequencies well beyond 60KHz. Yeah, I don't really know what that means either, beyond a wide range of sounds and understanding what those sounds are. To get an idea of what this means, humans are lucky if we can detect frequencies up to 20KHz. Depending on the landscape, weather, wind and time of day, a wolf can hear a animal or person walking from 5 to 10 miles out.

If you had to pick the worst of their senses, it would be their eye sight and that is far from poor. During the day, their sight matches a human with 20/20 vision. Range, color and detail all match or exceed a humans sight. Same as we do, they have a lens in the eye that allows them to see everything right side up. At night a wolves sight is far superior than a humans. One main reason is that their eyes are larger than ours. Their pupils can open more than a humans. This allows almost twice as much light in as is allowed in a humans eye. It's their own type of night vision. Star light, moon light, man made light all aid in them seeing as they do at night. From what I've learned, at night, their vision at night is much the same as it is for us as dusk or dawn, which has to be cool to have.

What really sets wolves apart from dogs is that research now shows that a wolves brain is about 28% larger than a dogs. That's a huge jump in intelligence. I would think it has to be likened to the jump of intelligence from a chimp to a human. Given that all dogs are sub species of wolves, a wolf would have a larger brain. Wolves being about on earth for over 350,000 years and domestic dogs about 12,000 years.

It's this larger brain power and intelligence that is a main reason why they form and need more complex relationships with those within their families. As well as more interaction with those in its life. Now, there are many that would debate me over a wolf being self aware, but I've seen it. If they were not, they would not be able to morn for over the loss of a loved, pack/family member. Nor could they build deeper friendships with one wolf over another. Like two of mine. Nashawa and Buddy. Nashawa is the alpha male of the pack, but him and Buddy are best friends and almost interact with each other as equals. What Nashawa is doing, so is Buddy and the reverse is true, with what Buddy is doing. It's things like that shows me they are self aware. It's these things that make these animals one of the best friends a person could ever have.

I say this not only from learning about wolves, but because I say this with the knowing of having shared my life with over a 100 of these wonderful animals. In the last 30 plus years I have been able to place about 4,500 pups into the hands of new families. Never once in all those years and with all those pups has anyone ever contacted me and said, "hey that wolf I got from you was bad, or mean or a problem or hunt someone," not once. That tells me something and has to tell you something about them being good. as well as safe.

Make no mistake, a wild wolf and a hybrid wolf are two very different animals, just as a hybrid and a dog are very different. Hybrids are not dogs and can't be treated as such. No one should ever take a wolf out of the wild. it would never become socialized to people, unless it was under 2 weeks of age. It would get away and or it would die. Displaced from its home and family, it would end up dead. Beyond that, taking a pup could destroy a pack, as that pup would grow up being a working pack member, needed for the packs survival. Plus, you don't want to get caught by a pack taking one of their pups. Dealing with the mother wolf would be a problem on its own, but the pack on a whole will protect their pups. If caught and she don't kill you, the pack will. Taking one from the wild also breaks federal law. In doing so, a person could face up to 25 years in prison and a quarter of a million dollars in fines.

Stick with having hybrids. A person can get and have all the good aspects of the wolf in a hybrid, without the bad parts that wild wolves hold. You can have everything you want with a high content hybrid from a good breeder.

Even though the hybrid wolf has about 400 years of domestication, that small amount of time makes all the difference in the world. In part this is what aids in making them great pets. As important as that is, the breeder and how their adult hybrids live is even more important for domestication and them being pets for the public.

Unlike what many think and want to attribute to wolves as instincts, wolves learn most everything after their birth. They in fact have very few built in instincts. In nature what you find is that the higher the intelligence level of the animal, the less instincts they have and the more they must learn to be successful as the animal they are born as, all the way up to humans that takes 14 years of so to be able to survive. The bigger the brain, the more helpless and unskilled the baby is, as well as taking longer to be a successful adult. Wolves fit these natural standards as well.

The reason the above information is important is that a breeder sets the tone, the standards of life for their adult wolves. These standards, the correct standards of life are installed into the pups. How the adults act, react and live their lives is imprinted upon the pups. This sound foundation from the start is what makes a hybrid a great friend.

Unlike what many want to believe or promote. I have never found that a wolf wants to dominate a person. I find that they always view a human as superior. Unlike their interactions with other wolves, this position a person holds, a wolf does not want it for themselves over a person. I have read over and over again that a wolf will try and dominate a person at some point and how it's important for a person to set a dominant tone. That is just out and out wrong.

I have read over and over that at some point a wolf will try to show dominance over its owner. That's so much bull crap that is makes me sick. That have never happened to me with my wolves. The people in their lives are seen as their leaders, their protectors, their providers. More over they see the people in their lives as their family and their friends. There just is nothing in the make up of a wolf that makes that true or could change a wolf to change that about them.

The same goes for all this bunk out there that states a wolf at some point will turn on you. If that's the case, give the years I been doing this, the number of wolves I have and have had, why has that never happened to me or even remotely could be seen as trying that with me? That is just not based within any fact. In fact with all the contact I've had with hybrid owners, as well as my own, I have never once heard of that happening.

The simple fact is, that these views are promoted from unfounded fears, or are coming from wild life nuts who seem to think that because they went to school and have read a few books on the subject. By books that are filled with falsehoods in the first place.

If any of these so called facts were even remotely true, why am I not dead 10 times over? Why have I only been bitten 3 times over 30 years and each time it was not from aggression. Once a wolf got its leg caught in the fence, it was in pain and when I went to get her out of the fence, I got bitten. That was from fear and pain. Plus, it was not a bite to damage, as it never broke the skin. Another time was when a tree came down, took a fence down and I have two alpha males getting into it. I went to break it up, get them back in their right areas and got bitten breaking them up. Again, not a bite to damage and the skin was not broken. The other time was when I had two females, in different areas. They hated each other and one got past me at the gate and the two of them went at it. I got in the middle of it to break them apart, I went to grab one, my hand got to the same place a split second before one was going to bite the other and bit me trying to bite the other wolf. And again, no damage.

Again, why is it that in my 30 years plus, being around hundreds of wolves and having owned over a hundred myself, I have never been harmed? Partly is because these animals are just not the danger that many want other to believe they are and seem to preach that they are. This is also true because of the adult wolves that I have, the elders and older adults I have raised. All my wolves are 4th to 6th generation in my hands, I raised their great, great grand mothers and great grand mothers and so on down the line. From the very start of be raising these animals, I have always set and held them to a standard that I set for low amounts of conflict, or being just mean, getting into scraps, beyond pack ranking or breeding rights, has never been stood for by me. Over generations I have instilled that and for the most part its the standard of life they live and pass on. Setting a the standards that being loving and getting along is the under laying foundation to p ack life.

Given that wolves learn most everything, these standards for pack life are taught and passed down to their off spring. But, it's not automatic, as all still and will always look to be to set and uphold that standard. Knowing that if it goes beyond such standards, I will step in and reset those standards. This too is why the breeder themselves, as well as their adult wolves are just as important as any other aspect of having a hybrid wolf.

The history of the breeders bloodlines for their adults is also important. You should have a hybrid that is in fact a higher percentage animal. Unlike what most people think and it would seem backwards, but in the world of hybrid wolves, the higher percentage, the safer and more loving the animal is. Remember what I have said about the breeds of domestic dogs and aggression. The more dog it has in it, the more there is a chance for aggressive behavior. I didn't say that with a low content that there would be aggressive behavior, I said the greater the chance for it to be there, or show itself at some point.

And of course, the more dog, the more it will behave like a dog, only stronger, smarter and faster. That is not a good mix if aggression is there or comes to be there at times. If you and I stood side beside watching some of my higher content wolves, I could tell you what they are doing, what it means in relation to the other wolves, what their stance means in that regard and so on, almost down to tell you what they are thinking or will do next. I can't do that with a low content that's less that 60% wolf. I don't know what they are thinking, what their standard reaction will be to this or that. Nor the next actions they may take. Though I trust the lower content animals that I have, I don't trust all of them fully.

When I go into one of my packs that is made up with all higher content wolves, what they are doing, where they are going, where their at in relation to myself, never even crosses my mind. No reason for it too. Other than keeping a eye on my tools, as they seem to love to take them while I work, I could care less where they are or what they are doing. When I get in a pack where there are lower contents, I don't fear them, I don't have cause to think they will do anything negative, but I do know where they are, and what they are doing in relation to myself. With that said, the 3 times I was bitten, that I spoke of before, were all higher content animals. Because it's a low content in no way means it will be anything but a loving, kind friend to you and all, it's just there a chance there could be issues. This is just not the case with higher content hybrids.

The above is one of the main reasons that I high content hybrid just does not make a good watch dog, other than the look of a watch dog.

There is really only one way to have and know true percentages of a hybrid. At some point someone had to start with a dog and a wolf. After having a couple hybrids and in thinking about breeding, I came to this understanding. I'm a 16th Native American, so I was able to find a few other Native Americans who had 100% pure wolves. I had found one man who had 4 male, pure wolves and its from those 4 males that I built my foundational breeding bloodlines. I took my hybrid females I had and breed them to his males. In doing so, I come to understand that I really didn't know what the true percentage of my own hybrids. So after thinking about it a while, I come to feel that if I could never know the real percentage I needed to find a way to give a more true bloodline accounting. Understand, this was over 30 years ago and all this, even hybrids as pets was new. Anyway, what I came up with was this. Given I didn't know what percentage my females were, and only had what I ha d been given they were, when I bought them, I reduced the percentage I was told they were to me by half. So, if I had bought a 80% female, I recorded her in my breeding records as a 40% hybrid. Doing so because I didn't know if she was 80% or not, but I did know and could tell she was not as low a content as 40%.

I felt that given that there really is no way to know a true percentage, unless there is records from known pure wolves, it would be better to have or to present a wolf as 80% and it might me 83% in reality. Rather than take the word of those who told me the percentage of the females I bought, record the females off what I was told and then have or present a wolf as 80% and in reality it's only 70%.

The way to come up with the percentage of a hybrid wolf is not hard to do. Lets say you start with one 100% dog and one 100% wolf. The pups produced from that coupling, will be 50% wolf. To make the math simple, breed the 50% hybrid with another 100% wolf and the pups produced are 75% and so on and so on. So what you do is take the percentage of wolf of the female and the percentage of wolf of the male, add those two numbers together and divide by 2. Such as a breeding of a 90% and a 96% , that equals 186, divided by 2 makes the pups 93%.

I also understood that by recording my females at half their said percentages, that once I got the percentages bred back up over 90% that the percentage being higher than what I present them as would be very small. Once over 90%, that I would only be off by 1 or 2 percentage points. That if I presented a hybrid as a 94%, in reality it was 95% or 94.5% percent. Once the breeding percentages are high, you can only gain a couple of percentage points per generation. Like if you breed a 94% with a 96%, the pups will be 95%, so only gaining one percentage point from that generation.

Its a long and slow process once the hybrids are over 90%. As I said, I have raised these animals and to date, I have only produced 5 litters of 98%'s and that was not until my first litter of 98% 3 years ago. In the building of my bloodlines I also found others that had known and recorded percentages of hybrids, as a Lady is Oklahoma did and so on

Inbreeding is not hard to control, as none of my males in my packs are blood related to the females. I do this but switching pups when only a couple days old. Again, wolves are seasonal breeders, so there are pups born at the same times, sometimes on the same day. So if I want or need a wolf for pack A, then I wait till pack B or pack C have a litter within 24 hours of a litter that was born in Pack A, then I will switch out a pup in the litter of pack A for a pup of a litter in pack B. If done within the first 24 to 48 hours, the female will not reject them and from what I can tell don't even know they are not their real pup. I take the new pup and rub is all over on my skin, on my hair and so on, covering it with my scent. With pups so young, the mothers wants them clean and not my scent or any scent on them, so when I place them in with her, I take one or two of her pups and rub them with the new pup then put all back in with her together. She then licks all them clea n. This way the pup is raised within the pack, as if born there. Most of my females are related to each other, but the males are not related to the females.

Unlike a wild wolf, a hybrid wolf can and will build bonds with people, cats, dogs and so on. When it comes to love, friendship, loyalty, the wolf, be it wild or hybrid only is second to humans. With hybrid wolves, the love and friendship can be shared between people and a wolf, being enjoyed by all, be it human or wolf.

Time and time again what you will find is that a hybrid that's high content is one of the most loving, most loyal friend you will ever know in life. My father once told me that in life if you can count on one hand the number of true friends you have, you're a very lucky person. For me, on that one hand there are a couple of people, the rest are wolves. Other hand too is wolves, lol.

Sadly, due to money, many hybrids sold today are presented and sold as higher percent than they really are. Marking and looks are just not a sure way of knowing. There is no DNA tests that can be done, or if there are, it has to be done at a super lab, costing thousands of dollars. The last testing I seen on this was they just can't tell and that the science just has not reach that point yet, much less making it where such testing can be afforded by the normal person. This is just not true about wolves. I grew up on a race horse breeding farm, Race horses breeding records are all hand recorded and have been from the 13th century, going all the way back to what's known as the foundational mares. All race horses bloodlines can be traced back to those mares.

If someone has raised hybrids for years, as I have and dealt with different percentage, there is a check list of sorts that someone can look over a hybrid and get within 5 to 10 percent of the true percentage. There is about 25 different things to look at and see what is there, what is not, or what is kind of there, but not as it would in high content hybrid. Things such a teeth, a wolf sash on the tail, build, eyes, stance, movement, colors, markings and so on.

The best way to know is from someone that has taken the time to record it, as I have. As many others beyond myself have as well. Others beliefs may differ, but I feel, I know that having a true high content is a very important aspect in having a wonderful and safe pet. By higher percentage, I am speaking of hybrids that are over 75% and again, lower content does not mean a bad pet, it just allows more of a chance for it than with a higher content. More so for a person that has never had a hybrid wolf before

I fully believe that wolves get a bad rap because of 2 things, lower content hybrids and wild life nuts like a woman who once wrote me saying how evil I am and that I should go in the forest and release all my hybrids. If a low content is raised wrong, treated badly, such a animal can, not will, but can become very dangerous.

I have read about every attack by a hybrid that I can find and I have not found any that was a higher content animal. Most that I have found have been more dog than wolf hybrids. I know, this all sounds backwards, but its how it is. I'm my 30 years in this, I have never had a high content show any aggression towards me, yet I have had that take place with lower content.

I do all the things that most of these nut cases and wild life cucks say can't be done or if done I would end up hurt or killed. I go down into dens, face to face with mothers, I have gotten in the middle of fights and broke them up. I have handled minutes old pups. My breeding wolves live in and interact with me in packs. I have done, or been around most anything that can take place between them and myself, yet not a hint of danger towards myself. Given the number of years I been doing this, given the numbers of wolves I've been hands on with, have I just been lucky? Not very likely that is true.

This is why when I hear these wild life and animal right nuts talk, I just see foolish and stupid people speaking about things that they no little to nothing about. Beyond that, all those type of whack jobs need to get their minds around that now there is close to 6 million hybrids in North America alone. The debate is over, the hybrid is hear to stay. You wild life and animal rights types need to accept the fact, its over, there is never going to be a way to remove hybrids from the publics hands. It's a waste of time and money to try and get anything done to remove of ban hybrids. Because you say they are a danger does not make it true.

People have to come to understand that any animal can be dangerous, does not mean they are. More people are hurt and killed by horses each year than wolves, by about a thousand fold, going to ban horses? All types of animals harm people each and everyday. Dogs, snakes, horses and so on. This last statement can't be said about hybrid wolves. Not only are no bans trying to be placed on other types of animals, such as horses, but there never will be. What is the end result, banning ownership of each and all animals but gold fish? Rarely is the type of animal the soul reason a animal is dangerous. If looked at more closely, what is found is there is a human at fault and has provided a foundation or forum for danger.

It is a fact that many larger breed domestic dogs have been bred over thousands of years to hunt humans or animals. I don't know what a German shepherd was first bred to do, but for hundreds of years, its been bred to hunt humans. No, that in no way mean they are bad or prone to be dangerous, but that aspect is there, Unlike a wolf, a dog does not have to learn much on how to be a dog. Most of what a dog is, is a carry over from its breeding as a breed. Passed on from generation to generation. Like a Pointer, no one taught a Pointer to lift its nose and one of its front legs held up when it spots something. Even if you would teach wolf after wolf to do as a pointer does, the next generation would not unless seeing and watching a older adult wolf do it first, as well as understanding why that adult wolf is doing it.

Peoples fears of wolves are rooted in childhood stories and nursery rhymes. Such as never cry wolf, the three little pigs, little red riding hood and so on. As well as what is shown on TV. Such shows really do mis-color the truths and real understandings of wolves, as well as how they live their lives. Wolves are depicted as dangerous, as evil, as killers in such shows. Even the shows on nature do the same. They show big game kills, wolves eating and showing aggression. They do this, because those are the shows that bring ratings. A show of wolves sleeping, being family members is boring and don't bring ratings. So, people never really get to see what a wolf really is like in life.

Plus people think that wolves are running around the forest killing anything that crosses their path. That is completely false. Wolves hunt and kill to eat only. The fact is that wolves only kill once for every ten times they hunt and most of these so called, "big game" kills happen only a few weeks of the year. happening when game is on the move and cross into a wolf packs home range. A wolf packs range is about 20 square miles. rarely if ever will a pack leave their home range. Many times it's when humans drive them out of their range or kill them off, or kill some of the pack and the pack tries to adjust to find food, finding easier prey given they are no longer a whole pack, so coming in closer to humans to find easy prey that does not take a whole pack. What would you do to eat and survive, to feed your family? For most of the year they are eating what can be found in their home range. People want to see them as blood thirsty killers. Humans are also meat eaters, ho w much game was shot and killed in a year by hunters? How many cows and pigs where killed this year to feed humans. How many humans murdered other humans last year? So all need to take a step back and see wolves for who they are and not who they are presented to be.

As I have said, every animal, from a mouse to an elephant can hurt someone. Yet if any animal is handled correctly, loved, trained in a way that is safe for both them and yourself, then there won't be a problem in most cases. If you have never seen it, do a Google search on Christian the Lion, it will bring a tear to your eye. It will give you a look at an animal raised correctly and loved. As I've said, I grew up on a race horse breeding farm and 90% of the time I had interaction with our horses I was in some form of danger and hurt too many times to count.

With hybrid wolves, the first step is what's know as socialization. In short this just means loving on them, holding them, playing with them, spending time with them. Having this process turning out well and safe from the prospective of the wolf. The pup has to LEARN that there is nothing to fear when it comes to interaction with people. Socialization needs to take place with not just its family, but with outside people as well. This is the key to a happy, healthy and safe hybrid. I start this process, but it can't be completed by me. You have to understand that a wolf pup has a built in fear when its a pup that most everything is dangerous to it. I have seen a leaf blowing across the ground and it hit a pup and the pup will cry out and run off as if it was attacked by something. This is just natures way of aiding in keeping wolf pups safe in the wild.

When a person gets a wolf pup, they must take on a mind set for the next 6 months to a year that they have a new born human child. Sure some of the care if different, some the same, but the time, the high levels of care is about the same. It has to be understood that wolves have been in the hands of humans, as pets for only 300 to 400 years. Longer with Native Americans, but those hundreds of years is only about 10% of what is needed to really be called a true domesticated hybrid breed. The mixing of dog into a wolf does aid some in this process.

It can't be said enough that socialization at a young age is key. Hands on interaction and contact coupled with high amounts of time with the pup is what is a must. There are many do's and don'ts when it comes to a hybrid pup and I will get into that later on. For now, you must come to understand that petting them a few minutes, taking them on a walk once a day and putting them back into the backyard will never work. Again, for the most part, this is not a "pet", its a family member and should be treated as such. The concept of a level of care that matches a new born human child works the best. After 6 months to a year, they are socialized and they go with the flow from there on. What ever the standard of life and treatment you set as a pup, is what will be normal to a hybrid as an adult. If you do these things, you will get one of the greatest, most loyal and loving friends you will ever have in life.

Some times I get calls or email from people who have gotten a pup and stating that the pup runs from them, goes and hides under the bed or in a corner. In the first week to ten days this is fairly normal. If it goes beyond the first couple of week, then that's a clear sign that the pup is not getting enough hands on time being spent with it. It's being allowed to do it's own thing. If they were able to see my interaction with that pup, they would not see any of that. Unlike dog pups, they love everyone, a wolf has to get to know each person, come to trust each person. Much like humans, I trust my best friend with my life, but that does not mean you would trust my best friend with your life. Over time you would, but not from the start.

Again, a wolf pup has a built in protection fear and you have to reach a level of their trust that is greater than that fear. Over time, within the first few months of its life, that fear goes away, IF socialized correctly. Through sheer repetition of everything turning out fine in the eyes of the pup is what removes this fear. If this is not done as a pup, that fear stays and grows.

When I keep a pup for a house pet, I go through much the same things as mu customers, even when they have a higher level of trust of me. I take them out of their area with my breeding adult and into my yard and house. Their protection fear kicks back in. The new yard is scary, being in the house is scary and I have to combat that. I do so by dealing with them the same as I am stating here for a few weeks. I carry the pup most anywhere I go. I sleep with them, I kiss on them, I give them treats. I hold them. If I am watching TV, the pups on my lap. If I go to a friends, they go too. I try and let as many different people as I can handle them. I do this so the pup LEARNS that regardless of what takes place, it always turns out well for the pup. Each day, each week I see the trust coming back to levels it was before the change. Then leaving completely over time.

The first signs of trust comes with eye contact. The pup will start making eye contact with you and that is a sign of trust. Once a pup does come to trust in you, then use that built in fear to advance your bond with them. Because they trust you, does not mean that the protection fear is gone. It just means it's gone as it applies to you, so use it to your advantage. Let is work for you. Like one of the things I will do once I have that trust is I will go out in a big field, just me and the pup. Given it has a built in fear and now I have the pup in a strange place, strange or new sounds, smells and what they see, all heightens their fear levels.

I do this so that I am the only thing that the pup KNOWS is safe. So, I play with them, sit with them and allow the pup to fall to sleep. Then slowly I move away from the pup, putting some distance between me and the pup, but not enough distance where the pup can't see me if it wakes up. Once I have this distance between us, I will get the pup to wake up. The reason I do this is that when it does and for a few seconds the pup feels alone and that scares the pup, then it sees me. Because the pups knows I am safe, it causes the pup to have a need to get to me, as I am safe and seen as it's protector. The pup then rewards itself by coming to me and feeling safe because it's in a strange place, but I'm there and it feels safe because I'm there.

One of the things to understand about a wolf pup is that it understands that all danger to it will come from above and down on it. So, with a new pup avoid walking up and standing over it, avoid reaching down while over it and putting you hand on top its head and or neck. Get down on its level before you get to the pup, put your hand out, palm up and slide your hand under their chin or belly. This reduce its fear levels greatly because the touching is coming from the bottom, and not above and down. if a pup is handled correctly in the first 30 to 60 days, you will see no difference in the way a wolf acts towards people than a domestic puppy does. Just more loving, sweeter, smarter, deeper bonds and very little negative behavior.

As I had touched upon before, wolves are born with very few instincts. This is contrary to what most want to believe, as well as contrary to what most of these so called experts what to teach/preach. This is just not what I have seen in the last 30 plus years of raising these animals. This lack of instincts is one of the major reasons why those who have hybrids wolves, use terms as, the greatest, wonderful, amazing. Its because they learn most everything, when having a young pup, they learn from you. They act and want to mimic the head of their family. Peaceful coexistence within its family is the goal of a wolf. Having a loving, tightly bonded family means everything to them. It's the cornerstone of their lives. The reason for this is that in the wild, that is a must to live. That's why wolves don't have the aggression as a dog does or as many say they do. You don't go around in the wild harming and killing pack members, then be able to eat and breed tomorrow.

If the person who has a wolf is very loving, soft spoken, easy going, then that's what type of personality the wolf will have. If that person is hyper, loud, reactionary, then that's the type of wolf they will have, if the person is bold, protective, strong in action, then that's the type of wolf a person will have. It's the person who is setting the standard of personality and the standards of life that are normal for that person or family. The wolf needs and will conform to those standards, mimic the norms to reach the level of peaceful coexistence within it's family that is the standard set not only by the head of the family, but by the family on a whole. Hence the term, pack mentality. Today that term is always affixed to something negative, but that is not really its full or true meaning.

It's much like a child, in many ways they grow up and become the people they are from a foundation and the standards they where raised by in their family.

A little off the subject, but before I forget this. One of the most amazing things I have ever seen and is new and amazing each time I see it, is a wolf pup being born. When born, the pup is in its own sack, it seems almost lifeless and the mother removes the after birth sack and cuts the cord. Once the sack is gone, she starts cleaning the pup, as she does the pup becomes more active. As she is doing this, she gets the pup onto its back. Once she does, she gives the pups belly, right under the ribs a sharp gab into the belly. What this does is it forces everything out of the mouth and nose. An instant after that, the pup gasps and takes its first breath. With that first breath the body moves more like one would think a pup should and starts making noise. It seems to take it a few seconds to adjust to not being in her belly anymore. She then moves the pup towards her belly and the pup starts nursing. You can see it feels its in a strange new world, moving and flipping ar ound much like a fish out of water. That passes fast as she is working the pup towards her belly to nurse.

Hey, you so called wild life experts. ever been down in a den with a mother wolf with her pups? Ever been nose to nose underground in a den with a female wolf having her pups, as I've been countless times? Yeah, I didn't think so. Because you watch a pack of wolves with field glasses from a couple miles away for a few weeks, does not make you an expert. It makes you a voyeur that can record observations. And that would be fine, but you take bits and pieces of facts, then add your own speculations into them, saying this is how a wolf is. Maybe you should shut up until you really know what is what when it comes to wolves.

At about 2 weeks of age, a pup is starting to crawl/walk and take its first steps. By then, their vision is becoming clearer for them within 12 inches, but still can't really fix upon things. At this age they are a little too top heavy and their legs not strong enough to really hold them up or be stable for them. They will take a couple steps and then fall over. It's cute, kind of reminds you of a drunk falling over. Also by this time the swelling of the inside of their ears are going down and their starting to hear their first sounds.

After about a week, one or two adult females will start laying by and hanging out around the mouth of the den. By the time the pups are 3 or 4 weeks of age, one of these females will become a baby sitter and caretaker of the pups along with the mother. After the pups are a couple weeks old, she starts working her way closer into the den, laying in the mouth of the den, going in there when the mother gets out and so on. I do mean working too, as the mother has to come to accept this, at the start she does not want anyone around her pups. As days pass she has less of a problem with it. In time she becomes fine with it. The female working her way in gets a couple spankings from the mother as she does this, but she accepts it. This process could take a few days or even a couple of weeks. 90% of the time, at the end, the pups will have the mother and a second female taking care of them. In many cases the pups will even try and nurse from the second female and a lot of times t he second female will produce milk.

I think that process is needed once the pups are reaching that age. The more milk the pups get, the more that ensures the pups survival. Also at this age, the pups nursing needs are pushing the limits of what a mother can produce. As well as the fact that pups are a huge drag on a females body, much more than it is with a dog. For the first couple of weeks a mother will almost allow her pups to nurse 24/7. I think too, this goes back to wolves needing to learn most things and caring for pups with a mother helps the other female to be a good mother or a better mother if she have already been one. I have seen more than a couple times that the females who have done this are far better mothers with the first litters, where a female that has not, can have problems with her first couple litters. I have also seen where the second female has been a good mother, works herself into a den with a new mother and she teaches the new mother how to do it. I myself have spent hours in dens getting new mothers to calm down, to be gentle and allow nursing, teaching them how to be a mother more or less.

At about 3 weeks of age the pups vision has clear for them to about 10 feet. they can fix upon anything within that range. Their hearing is working fully by this age. Between 3 and 4 weeks they start the process of eating whole food. Not always though, as it depends on the female or females nursing them. Its very hard to get pups interested in whole food when nursing. I can understand that, who would eat canned spam when you had fresh T-bones? Most higher content female mothers make that process easier, as they will eat the food first and then regurgitates the food up and the pups will eat that to start. I think that all the different things that a mother wolf does with her pups, also teaches them how to raise pups themselves. As I have seen that females who have had really good mothers, were also very good mothers themselves. Where mothers who where not good mothers at the start, those females have more of a problem raising pups until she has ha d a couple of litters.

At about 6 weeks, their vision is clear up to 50 feet. By then they are on whole food completely. By this time, if allowing them to nurse, its just to get rid of her milk and not to feed them. Also by this age they are almost completely under the care of the babysitter. Be that as it may, the mother is still never far away and the protection of her pups is job one and not just left up to the babysitter.

By about 8 weeks of age, nursing is done, its all whole food and water from then on out. By this age, other pack members are allowed to go around the pups without the mother or babysitter caring. Its also about this age that the pups are then taken care of, or watched over and taught by a third wolf. Over half the time this third wolf is a male. Most times its a lower ranking male that is stricter than the females.They try to keep control of the Chinese fire drill, that a litter of wolf pups are at that age.

Though much the same, each adult wolf is different. I have adults that really love being around and playing with pups and will stay with them or close to them once the mother allows it. I also have adults that will come and look and smell the pups, yet not want to and don't really interact with the pups. mainly higher ranking adults. By about 10 weeks the looking after of pups become a pack thing more than just one wolf. By about 10 to 12 weeks you can see the pup is very aware, watching and getting involved into everything, watching and learning to be a wolf and how to be a member of the pack. Its at this time that for the most part, the pups are on their own within the pack to find their place within the family. Learning to catch bugs, the start of hunting skills for wild wolves. They dig holes, learning to keep cool in the summer and warmer in the winter. To howl, to keep themselves clean. Also to use the area that is used as a bathroom area. If you look at the photos on my site, one thing you don't see is waste laying around. The reason for that is wolves pick a area that's away from where they hang out and they use that area to go the bathroom. I think this is why its so easy to house break a wolf pup.

A hybrid wolf pup needs the first 6 to 8 weeks to learn a good foundation of what it means to be a wolf, how to act and behave as a wolf. This is one of the reasons that I will not place a pup in a new home till its about 7 to 8 weeks of age. The other reason is due to health risks to the pup. From the age or 4 weeks to about 10 weeks, those are the most dangerous for a pup by way of getting sick. Until about 8 weeks of age, their immune system is not working correctly. That's why you give boosters to a pup, those boosters are to spark the immune system to start working as it should. Illness is what's called live virus, a booster is made up of dead virus. The pups immune system does not know the difference, so its starts producing the antibodies to defeat the virus. Being the booster is dead virus, the pup can't get sick from it, as it would if live virus and a real illness. By being able to produce these antibodies, the pup and then adult can protect itself with its imm une system is it encounters live virus of a real illness.

When the pups food intake is coming only from nursing, a booster can't be given. I mean it can and it won't hurt the pup, but it will not work. The mothers milk has its own antibodies in it to protect the pup from illness. The same as the pups immune system, the antibodies in the mothers milk don't know the difference between live and dead virus. So you give the booster, the mothers milk antibodies attack the dead virus and it has no effect upon the pups immune system and the pup does not produce its own antibodies.

You will find many breeders and many people that think you must get a wolf pup within the first 2 or 3 weeks of its life, stating it will never socialize and bond with you. All I have to say to that is bull$&@#. I would never get a 2 week old pup and I been doing this 30 years. Nature always does better than man. I fully believe that those who say this are either one, going back to what would need to be done to have a wolf taken from the wild, or they don't know how to socialize pups, or they don't have the time to socialize a litter of hybrid pups.

Getting a pup at such a young age robs them of their needed childhood as a wolf pup, allowing who and what they are set the foundation of who and how they are as adults. Never becoming the "wolf" they were born to be.

Given I'm the one that is raising them and know what is needed, I think the breeder is who needs to set and advance the foundation of socialization. I know the do's and don't's to set this foundation. I don't and won't socialize them a 100%. I can, but then the pup is going to bond with me. I try and get the pups to a point of about 2/3's socialized, then you are to pick up where I left off. This way the pup has a sound socialization and it bonds with its new family and not with myself and my family.

I have two different type of socialization for my wolves. I have those that are in my yard and house. They are socialized to all people, stranger or friend. Then I have my breeding adults, they are socialized to me only. That does not mean they are a danger, as I have taken many, many people in with my breeding animals, they just keep their distance, where those in my yard are wanting you to pet them, love on them, play with them, forcing fun interaction with them upon you.

By about 4 months of age, the pups eye sight and hearing is at a 100%. The link of being under their mothers protection and control is gone and for the most part the mother leaves the raising of the pup to the pack as a whole. After 3 or 4 months, then the mother and babysitters will spend more time with them, but not really as their mother, but more of a pack member. They will spend more time grooming the pup and teaching the pups the do's and don't's.

Given the drag pups have on a female, she must take and have some time almost completely away from them so she can heal and recover. It takes a good 6 to 8 months for a female to fully recover from a litter. I think this is the reason wild wolves and high content wolves only have pups once a year. As well as why at times females will skip a year and not breed. Sometimes coming in heat and just not allowing breeding, other times by not coming into heat, or if they do its so light it does not trigger the males needs to breed.

Yes, wild wolves are season breeders, meaning only once a year. And yes, wolves breed during winter and have the pups in the spring. With that said, its really not that simple when it comes to hybrids. high content hybrids, 95% and about will be seasonal breeders. This is not the case with hybrids below 95%. What I have seen in the last 30 years and its stayed close to the same, is that 95% and above will almost always will be seasonal breeders. A female around 90% will have pups about every 10 to 11 months. A female around 80% will have pups about ever 8 or 9 months, a female 70% or below will have pups ever 6 to 8 months, By 60%, they will breed twice a year as dogs do.

This takes us to breeding during winter and having the pups in spring. This is true for wild wolves and high content hybrids. But its not that clear cut. Like dogs, there are dozen and dozens of different breeds of wolves. So first you have to take in account where that breed of wolf is from originally. Spring starts in San Marcos Tx at a different time than spring starts in Banger Maine. Spring starts in CALF at a different time than spring starts in N.C and so on. So where that breed of wolf is from originally will dictate when winter and spring are.

Now mix into that, that there are different percentages of hybrids. So, lets say you have a 90% female and she first comes into heat in Jan and has her pups in March. Her next heat will come in 10 or 11 months, so the next year she comes in heat is DEC and had the pups in Feb. The Next year she comes in Nov and the pups come in Jan, and so on. So you could breed her to a 98% male and she would produce 94% pups, but they could come at almost any month of the year due to her being 90%.

Unlike dogs who can come into heat at 6 to 8 months of age, a high content hybrid, over 95% will not come into heat until she is around 2 years of age. Unlike a dog, a wolves heat is not automatic. I have had female not have pups till they are 4 or 5 years old. By the age of 10 to 12 a female is done breeding. Again, unlike dogs, they stop producing eggs by then.

If you think I am producing all kinds of pups and getting rich, think again. Within the 15 year or so life span of a female hybrid wolf, at best, 10 of those years are breeding years. Given they will skip years, 8 litters for a female over her 15 years of life is a very successful breeding female. She will have 4 to 6 pups in each litter. 5 or 6 her first half of her breeding years and then her egg production starts going down to where she many only have 1 or 2 pups in her last litter. So over her breeding years, she may have 25 to 30 pups total.

Hybrid wolves for the most part are healthy animals. A normal life span being from 14 to 16 years. I have not found anything within their health or failing health that is set things that happen or cause it to fail. With breeds of dogs, each has their own problems due to being something that is man made. Dogs health problems are raising by amazing rates. With a hybrid, mans effects, the side effects of selective breeding has not had the time to become a negative as it has for many breeds of dogs. Really the only thing that I have seen that wolves seem to get is cancer. Not by any high rate, but from emails and talking with others who have lost one, that comes up about 30% of the time. It always seems to be a wolf that's over the age of 12.

Today most things can be healed if found soon enough, even cancer. The best thing to do is by 8 years of age, is the have your wolf screened for cancer by your vet. The earlier its found, the easier it is to cure. By the age or 10 to 12, it will be all but too advanced to deal with. I have also lost one of my most dearest friends, a hybrid named Dutchess. I lost her in Dec of 2013. Those who have been here in the last 10 years have met her. I miss her greatly. That's the down side to having these amazing animals. They become so much apart of you, such a large part of your joy and happiness, that when they must go, it's heart breaking and hard to get past. Yet, don't be sad, as this life is not the end of the relationship.

Just this side of heaven is a place, a bridge. When an animal dies that has been especially close to someone here in this life, that pet goes to this bridge. There are meadows and hills for all of our friends to run and play together. There is plenty of food, cool water and sunshine. Our friends are warm, comfortable, feeling no pain, only joy. All the animals who had been ill, old are restored to full health and vigor. Those friends who were hurt or maimed are made whole and strong again, just as we remember them to be in the best of times, as in our dreams of days and times gone by. Our friends are happy and content, all except for one thing. They too miss someone very special to them, someone that had to be left behind when they had to leave.

They all run and play together, happy and young. Yet each day it comes when suddenly one stops and looks far into the distance, ears locked and eyes intent. Their eager body quivers. Suddenly they begin to run from the group, flying over the grass and hills. Their legs carrying them faster and faster.

You have been spotted and when you and them finally meet again, you cling together in the most joyous of reunions, never to be parted again. They are as happy as you are, kisses rain upon your face, your hands again caress they beloved head and you look once more into their trusting eyes, so long gone from your life, but never absent from your heart. Then side by side, you both cross the bridge into heaven together. I as well will be running faster and faster towards that bridge.

Be it my rescue dogs or my wolves I have and breed, unlike many breeders, I never get rid of an adult animal. They are born here, they live their full lives here. With my rescues, I never try and place them. I just feel they have had enough already, and want them to have peace and love, felling safe, full and not having want.

In the raising of a wolf pup, you are for the most part it's teacher in life and making up for a lack of wolf teachers. Wolves are in no way, part time, when I have the time animals. Same as your child would not be a part time, when I have the time child. If you're the type of person that does not make your pets a real part of your life, but just an aspect of your life, then a hybrid wolf is not going to be right for you. Or better said, you're not going to be right for them.

Understand that these are completely social creatures. Their pack, their family is their life, their world for them. it means all and everything to them. For them, family and interaction with their family is life and the joy of their life. I have read a few times, wolves are escape artiest. They really are not. Those are wolves that are socially unfulfilled. I have a 4 foot tall fence around my yard and 6 foot fence around my breeding animals. If I placed you into a 100ft X 100ft fenced back yard, alone for hours, how long before you climb over the fence? Hybrid wolves must be emotionally and socially fulfilled, this takes your time and your love. If done, they will not want to get out.

These are deeply complex, thinking, self aware animals that must have just as deep a relationship with the members of its family that is lives with. As you must have from the members of your family. If you can't or won't do these things for a wolf, then it's a waste of time for you to try and have one. It's will also be harmful to the wolf for life.

I think that this is an important point to make, because if you can't give them the life I've been speaking about, then they will be raised wrongly. When that happens, the breed is blamed and never the person who raised the animal wrong. Same is true of Pits, Pit Bulls are almost never the real problem, its the person who raised them. We need to stop blaming animals and breeds and start placing the blame on the person who owned them. It's not by chance that my animals don't get out, it's not by chance that with thousands of people having been hear, no one has ever been hurt, its not by chance that I have cats and my wolves love the cats as they do each other. So, its not by chance that a dog bites, or by chance it gets out or by chance it kills or hurts other animals.

I can't say this enough, This is not rocket science. The best way to socialize a pup is to spend time with it, love it, befriend it, give it as much time as is humanly possible for the first year. Car trips and meeting new people is a great tool for building a wolves trust and socialization. At first such things will be a little fearful for them, but that is fine, let them come to see and learn that the fear is unfounded. You will be there and you are their protector. Learn about that wolf, how they are, who they are, as well as learn about wolves. Use what you learn, use what they teach you and have it work for you.

The first couple of months after you get a wolf is the most important part of the relationship. Its within these 2 months that the foundation of the relationship is formed and will remain for life. You must prove over and over again that you are not only not a danger, but love them without limit. That you are who keeps them safe, you are who provides for them. That you are who makes them feel better when they feel bad or scared.

Unlike most dogs who either love all people are dislike most people, wolves neither like, nor dislike people they don't know. Same as we are as humans, when we meet someone, we don't like, nor dislike them until we have interaction with them, and how we feel about them comes from that interaction. Wolves come to know and trust people, each person at a time. This too is a sign of a higher intelligence.

For socialization I have found that getting the pup into the hands of as many different people as you can within that first couple of months, the better it will be for a wolf as an adult to accept people faster and not need a real proving of themselves to a wolf. Doing so, will remove most all and any fear a pup holds from strange people. The pup is fast to see that every time that all love it and that each time everything turns out fine for it. By the handling of the pup by others the pup is able to learn from doing, that regardless of who you bring into their lives, it will be fun and safe. Its completely up to you on how tame or socialized your wolf is as an adult. The more it's socialized, the happier you and it will be in life. A high level of socialization only lessons the chance for any type of problem taking place between your wolf and someone outside of the family.

Unlike what most of these so called experts want to teach and preach, a wolves intelligence makes it even more predictable, not less. Again, a wolf has a brain about 28% larger than a dogs. All who are real experts on the behavior of animals know, as well as teach that the higher the intelligence of the animal, the more it can learn, adapt and the less it seeks out conflict. It's this higher level of intelligence that makes a higher percentage hybrid far more predictable than a low content hybrid, or dog.

The major key to my last statement comes in having a great understanding of the animal. The more you understand, the more that becomes predictable. From being with my wolves for so many years, spending the hours, days, weeks, months and years with them, I find that I know why and what is going on with each of my wolves at any given time, about 85% of the time. So, it may be a little easier for me you see them as predictable. Rarely is any unpredicted action by a wolf dangerous.

This higher level of intelligence has them being far better at the things you teach them, but that does not mean they will react and obey your every word. As, you can teach a lab to shake and every time you give it the shake command it will shake. You can teach a wolf to shake, but it will only do so a 2 or 3 times, then it won't obey. This is due to its brain. It reasons and can see that the action has no point after the first couple times. Same as if I walked up to you on the street and shook your hand, maybe talk and shake your hand again over something said, but by the third or fourth time I try to shake hands with you You will question me why I keep wanting to shake your hand and you won't shake hands again. That in no way means that you're too dumb or can't be taught to shake now does it?

I will give you an idea on just how smart these animals are and how they have problem solving skills. I was sitting out with one of my packs of wolves on evening. I also had a couple of my friends wolves, babysitting for him. I watched one on my friends wolves walk up to the small pond in that habitat. He was following gold fish, with hopes to grab one. he got to a root that was sticking out of the water. he took it in his mouth and pulled, but it would not give. He got into the water and got ahold of it again and pulled, again it would not give. He pulled and pulled to no avail. He got on the other side of it and pulled that way, again, no luck. Let let go giving it a little half growl and half whine. He looked at it a couple of seconds, I could see he was thinking, he pawed at it a couple of times, as if testing it. He then got next to it, put his head completely under the water to where the root was in the ground, after about 10 seconds or so he came up with the root in his mouth. He came up out of the water, dropped the root on the ground, then went off and laid down. Job done. I was amazed at what I had seen. he tried different things, thought about it a couple of time and in the end, figured out how to get it out. He knew to pull at it from two different directions, understanding that one way may work better when the first way didn't. Knowing he may break it from a different side, when he could not break it from where he tried. He thought it over and thought it out, his answer was to cut it off under water where he had to understand that it was attached.

This whole thing was not about just him wanting it, as he dropped in once out of the water, it was about him doing it. He was not going to give up. He showed he could think over a goal, he could over come and solved a problem in reaching his goal. Highly intelligent animals will do things for no other reason than to do them. Why climb the mountain? Because it's there.

Unlike dog pups, wolf pups are more into learning and exploring, then they are playing all the time they are awake. Don't get me wrong, they will play hours a day and you will be their bestest toy. but its not their whole world, even as a pup.

I will be adding more to this as time goes on. I hope this text allowed you to get a better and a real look at a hybrid wolf.

I do not give refunds on pups. In he chance a pup gets sick and its found that it was so before you got the pup from me. I will replace the pup with a pup of the same or a higher percentage/price. i also do not pay vet bills of any kind. Once a pups care is out of my control, then its health is not in my control. If a pup gets sick within the first week to ten days of getting it, then the pup must be returned to me and I will provide it with the needed health care and the pup will be returned to you once my vet gives it a clean bill of health. If by chance the pup passes away, the pup will be replaced at no cost. Pups getting sick and or dying is rare, but they are animals and such things do happen from time to time, anyone who says it don't with them or their pups is a lair.

Before I go into what its like to live with a wolf in your life, I want to cover a few things. First I want you to go onto Google and do a search of StarCross Wolves. I ask this, because when you do, you will find a handful of very negative things about me. Sadly, like the hybrid wolf, they are unfounded and false.

You have other breeders that list me on their site as a bad breeder. Well, I guess that's not a shock. I don't do that myself to breeders, but some do. Mainly those who want to get $1,500 to $3,000 for a pup. They seem to be upset with me that it's hard for them to match the quality of the pups that I have, but more over, that I only charge between $250 and $600 for a pup, most of the time.

There are those out there that say I don't even have wolves, but have taken different dogs and bred them so look like wolves. I can only say, I wish. If I had, I would be rich. Inventing a new bred that looks like a wolf, but is really old yeller inside would make me rich. Beyond that, just think about that for a minute. To get a real and good genetic foundation for such a new breed, you would need a couple hundred breeding pairs of dogs, but only after finding out what mix of dogs would even do that. Once you found the right mix of dogs to do this with, then breed those couple hundred breeding pairs to produce more breeding pairs. I would think it would take maybe a 100 years before you could get to a point where you had a real breed that will come out the same every time, like Labs or Huskies do. It's far more simple to just go out and get hybrid wolves and breed them to produce pups. Duh.

In this Google search you will find no name blogs and sites. Take them for what they are, nameless, faceless postings online. What you will not find is real people or real places like the SPCA, or the Humane Society, Fish, Game and Wild Life. You will not find such things said of me by them, nor the state of Texas, or the two counties I have lived in, Kaufman and Henderson. Never once in the last 30 years has a suit been brought upon me over my pups, nor how I've conduct my business.

One is some guy saying he has a rescue and has over 20 wolves that come from my place. First off, how does that happen, how can anyone get 20 rescues that all come from the same breeder? It's not like I sell a million pups a year. But lets say that for one, he is a real rescue, I doubt it, but lets play pretend, Even if he has one rescue that was born here, how am I at fault for the failures of someone else, causing the wolf to need rescued? How would someone even know who the breeder of a wolf or dog would be, much less being able to find out such information 20 times?

I have about 25 rescued dogs and wolves here, I could not tell you who had them as pups, or even who had them before I took them on. Why would I even care? I don't do rescues for that or to boost. I don't advertise it or brag about it. I do it because I sell pups and I feel if I'm going to be gaining from the sales of pups, then I need to give back to what provides for me. Most are just old street dogs, the rest are a few wolves that have been placed here. I don't try and adopt them out. I just let them have a peaceful, stress free life for the rest of their days. I figure that after a hard life on the streets, not eating, scared, not loved, its best to just let them rest in a stable place where they have no hunger or fear.

There is one, Beware of Starcrosswolves. Its a no name, no face blog that talks about me selling a sick pup, and I think it says it was starved. it never states what the pup had. Nor any contact with me about a sick pup. It goes on to say it was taken to the vet and got well, then a few months later, got sick again. Again, what is wrong is never stated and again some how that was my fault, not fault of the person who have been in charge of the pups care for months, nor the vet who's care it was in from the start.

I don't even think this is a real customer of mine. No one ever contacted me like that or with a pup sick like that. If you think about it, that would mean this person would have either had to come here or had the pup shipped to them. If they came here, that would mean that I would have presented a sick, starving pup to someone. That's not going to happen. That would also mean that this person would have accepted a sick, starving pup. Would you accept and pay for a sick, starving pup? Nor would I, or I might and then drive right to the Police and say, look at this sick starving pup this guy just sold me.

When a pup is shipped, a pup must have a letter of health for the state its going to, as well as the airlines. That would mean I would have taken a sick, starving pup to my vet of a letter of heath. Really? That would also mean my vet would have had to issue a letter of health for this sick, starving pup. Again, really? Before shipping, not only do I check them over, not only does a vet check them out fully, but the airlines also checks them out before accepting the pup for shipping.

One post I seen said I have been ran out of one town. What is this, the old wild west? Get of town before sundown boy. I had a 5 acre place in Kaufman county and nut case living next door to me. So I bought a 20 acre place 30 miles away from the nut case in the next county over, Henderson. I was out growing my old place and who wants the stress and upset of having a nut living next door? Nor did I.

I want to touch on health and animals. The fact is, that some times animals get sick. That is just a part of life. Anyone or any breeder who is telling you different is lying. You can do everything right, have everything right and an animal still get sick. It seems today breeders are to be held to a higher standard than with humans health care. Everyone reading this has gotten sick in the past and as children. Everyone who reads this and has children has had those children get sick. Does that make your parents bad people, does that make you bad parents? No, of course not. Yet if a breeder has a sick pup, or something goes wrong, then that breeder is evil, scum, a puppy mill, a bad person. If that's what you think and feel, then you need to go to your mother and father and tell them the same things. These are living things, not robots that are built. I do my best, I provide my animals with the best, that's all I can do. Its not about if a pup gets sick, its abou t what you do if they do and what you do to try and make sure they don't get sick. The same as your own mother and father did when you got sick.

Thank you for taking the time to read this. I hope its been an aid.

William Lambert

for more Information On Our Pups E-mail Or Give Us A Call!